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Home » Eye Care Services » Eye Library & Vision Quiz » Defintions and Explanation of Eye Conditions

Defintions and Explanation of Eye Conditions

  • Often mistakenly called “stigmatism,” this common vision problem can easily be corrected with eyeglasses, contact lenses, or orthokeratology.

  • Red, swollen eyelids and crusty debris at the base of your eyelashes are signs you may have blepharitis.

  • Cataracts are a common cause of vision loss after age 55. People often make the mistake of thinking that it is some sort of veil covering  the eye, that has to then be "peeled off".  When surgical intervention is needed, it is a safe, quick, and effective procedure and often results in better vision.

  • Many people use the two term Color Blind when they actually mean a Color Vision Deficiency.
  • There are many types of pink eye.  Some are contagious and can be passed from one person to another.
  • People with serious vision problems from an eye injury or disease affecting the front surface of the eye can often regain vision with a cornea transplant.
  • If undetected or uncontrolled with medication, diabetes can cause serious vision loss, even blindness.

  • Are you bothered by red, itchy eyes? You may have allergies.

  • Any eye pain is an emergency and we are available to help you.  Call our office at 1-732-679-2020 and you will be prompted on how to contact us.
  • “Floaters” are usually normal and harmless, but if you notice a sudden increase in floaters or floaters accompanied by flashes of light, it is very important to see your eye doctor immediately.  It may be something that is very serious. 

  • Glaucoma is actually a number of eye diseases that can lead to loss of vision and even blindness.
    It has been called the "sneak thief of sight" because it occurs gradually with little to no symptoms.  
    Some people think that it is simply high eye pressure.  Actually it is a lot more complex than that. 

  • Also called farsightedness, hyperopia is a common vision problem that can cause headaches, eyestrain and trouble reading.
  • Macular Degeneration is often an age-related problem is the leading cause of vision loss and blindness in Americans age 65 and older.
    At times, even children and young adults can have problems with their macula and this causes poor central (straight ahead) seeing.

  • Myopia is also called nearsightedness.  It is a very common vision problem, affecting up to one-third of the U.S. population.
  • You’ve heard of high blood pressure, but what about high eye pressure?

  • Ocular Migraine can be uncomfortable and upsetting, but fortunately are usually harmless.
  • Photophobia is not the fear of taking a picture or being in a picture.  It is extreme sensitivity to light such as sunlight or flourescent light. 
    Sometimes it can be caused by an inflamation deep in the eye; iritis or uveitis. 
  • Pingueculae and pterygia are funny-looking words for growths on the surface of your eye.

  • There are many types of pink eye.  Some are contagious and can be passed from one person to another.

  • Ptosis is a drooping eyelid.  There can be a number or reasons for this. 

  • A detached retina is a medical emergency. Learn the warning signs of a retinal detachment and what you can do to avoid permanent vision loss.

  • A Stye, Hordeolum, and Chalazion are a relatively common problem of the lid.  In simple terms, a stye is an infected lid gland. Learn how to prevent and treat them.

  • Uveitis is a serious problem that can signal a more serious body problem.  This inflammatory eye disease can cause permanent vision loss if not promptly treated.