We all have a lens inside the eye, and that enables us to focus on things at near, such as reading or working on the computer. The lens is thin, soft, and clear at the start, but it gradually becomes more rigid, and then cloudy. At about 40, most of us start to need reading glasses. The lens is made of a protein that is similar to the protein of an egg. As you cook an egg, the clear part starts to turn cloudy and ultimately white. That's why we call it the white of the egg. The lens in your eye also starts out clear and gradually turns cloudy. When it has turned so cloudy that it makes it difficult to see, we call that a cataract. At its early point, we may be able to reverse a cataract, but when it starts to impact your ability to read or drive, that's when we need to think of cataract surgery.
Symptoms of cataracts include:
- foggy or blurred vision, with less light reaching the retina
- sensitivity to light, especially strong sunlight
- difficulty seeing at night, especially while driving, when the headlights of approaching cars appear dispersed
- frequently needing to update your eyeglass prescription
- colors becoming less vivid and more yellow
- images double, even with only one eye open
- halos around lit objects
Besides aging, cataracts can develop due to
- medical conditions, such as diabetes
- head trauma
- eye injuries
- excessive smoking and drinking
- Poor nutrition
What Can be Done About Cataracts?
We can prevent cataracts by wearing UV blocking sunglasses, taking Vitamins C and E, and eating antioxidant-rich fruits, vegetables, and nuts. Homeopathic pellets can reverse cataracts in some cases.
If you suspect you may have cataracts, the first step is to call us, Family Eye Care in Old Bridge, NJ. Dr. Tiomno and Dr. Roth always do a thorough examination, which includes checking for cataracts. At times, we may be able to prescribe eyeglasses.
When cataract surgery is the best solution, we will do all the necessary tests and will see you the day after the cataract surgery to make sure that your eyes are responding to the surgery as expected and we will direct you on the medications that you need to take. it is common for cataracts to develop faster in one eye than the other. Cataract surgery is done one eye at a time and never both eyes at the same time.
The cataract surgery means that the lens in the eye is replaced with an artificial lens to help you see once again and regain your vision. It is done on an outpatient basis, meaning there is no hospital stay. you are in the recovery room for about 1-2 hours and you go home the very same day. It is virtually painless, and has a very high rate of success.
We, at Family Eye Care, we care for patients with cataracts from Old Bridge, East Brunswick, Woodbridge, Edison, and throughout New Jersey.